Recycling in the western United States takes many forms. While residential recycling exists in many communities, commercial, retail, and manufacturing segments of the economy make significant contributions to the recycling landscape and have done so for many decades.  These collection systems contribute hundreds of millions of tons of paper fiber per year to recycling installations worldwide.


Curbside recycling programs collect wastepaper and used cardboard from homes and residences, and with the expansion of home delivery and e-commerce in recent years, have come to represent a significant portion of total recyclable materials.  Voluntary drop-off systems can also provide a significant source of fiber, and Crossroads Paper will implement such a system in Winnemucca and Humboldt County to serve local residents.


Grocery stores and other retail establishments collect and bale used cardboard, also known as old corrugated containers (OCC). Often these bales are shipped to distant destinations along the West Coast or overseas to be made into rolls of containerboard—the base material for making new cardboard boxes.


Recyclable materials are also collected by industrial, manufacturing, and distribution companies that use corrugated materials in their own operations. As this sector has grown dramatically within the past 40 years, so has the need to identify and recover the many and varied recyclable materials contained within their waste streams.


As collection programs have rapidly grown, there has naturally been a corresponding need to expand the capacity and number of local processing facilities.  These facilities accept recyclable materials from the many regional collection programs and then sort, clean, shred, grind, bale and ship these resources to domestic and foreign markets.

Crossroads Paper will sit squarely in the center of the region it serves.  As a result, recycling efforts of entire communities will benefit by having a consistent regional market for the materials recovered through these programs.